VirtualBox

Creating a Debian VM

  1. Download a network install image from Debian.

  2. In the Storage tab of the VM's settings, select Empty under Controller: IDE in the list of Storage Devices.

  3. Select IDE Secondary Master for the Optical Drive in the list of Attributes on the right hand side of the dialog.

  4. Click the CD/DVD icon to the right of the Optical Drive and select Choose Virtual Optical Disk File...

  5. Browse to the location of the ISO image downloaded earlier and selet it.

  6. In the System tab, change the boot order so that the Optical disk is booted after the Hard Disk.

  7. Click OK

  8. Start the VM

-- Frank Dean - 7 Apr 2018

Shared Folders

Note: If /sbin/mount.vboxsf is not present in the VM, install the virtualbox-guest-utils package from the Debian contrib section.

The virtualbox-guest-utils package is not included in the main Debian 9 (Stretch) distribution. It can be installed from the contrib section of Debian Backports

        cat <<EOF | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list.d/debian-backports.list
        deb http://ftp.debian.org/debian stretch-backports main contrib
        EOF

-- Frank Dean - 11 May 2018

Create a shared folder in the VirtualBox Manager under Settings -> Shared Folders.

Manually mount for read-write as root:

$ sudo mkdir /media/${MOUNT_POINT}
$ sudo mount -t vboxsf ${FOLDER_NAME} ${MOUNT_POINT}

For the current user:

$ sudo mount -t vboxsf -o uid=$UID,gid=`id -g $UID` ${FOLDER_NAME} ${MOUNT_POINT}

To allow a user to write to the shared folder you can add the user to the vboxsf group which should have write access to the shared folder.

$ sudo adduser ${USERNAME} vboxsf

Unmount by unmounting all VirtualBox shared folders:

$ sudo umount -a -t vboxsf

See man mount.vboxsf for more info.


-- Frank Dean - 22 Apr 2017

Related Topics: LinuxHintsAndTips